GIP
LOCUS ID2695
GENE_SYMBOLGIP
GENE NAMEgastric inhibitory polypeptide
SYNONYMNS
CHROMOSOME17
HOMOLOGENE ID3043
DiseaseType 2 diabetes
PMIDs23064014
GENE SUMMARY
This gene encodes an incretin hormone and belongs to the glucagon superfamily. The encoded protein is important in maintaining glucose homeostasis as it is a potent stimulator of insulin secretion from pancreatic beta-cells following food ingestion and nutrient absorption. This gene stimulates insulin secretion via its G protein-coupled receptor activation of adenylyl cyclase and other signal transduction pathways. It is a relatively poor inhibitor of gastric acid secretion. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

OBSERVATIONS
It is concluded that a lineage of mature enteroendocrine cells have the ability to coexpress members of a group of functionally related peptides: CCK, secretin, GIP, GLP-1, PYY, and neurotensin, suggesting a potential therapeutic target for the treatment and prevention of diabetes and obesity.