AGER
LOCUS ID177
GENE_SYMBOLAGER
GENE NAMEadvanced glycosylation end product-specific receptor
SYNONYMNSRAGE
CHROMOSOME6
HOMOLOGENE ID883
microRNAsNANA
GENE SUMMARY
The advanced glycosylation end product (AGE) receptor encoded by this gene is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily of cell surface receptors. It is a multiligand receptor, and besides AGE, interacts with other molecules implicated in homeostasis, development, and inflammation, and certain diseases, such as diabetes and Alzheimer's disease. Many alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms, as well as non-protein-coding variants, have been described for this gene (PMID:18089847). [provided by RefSeq, May 2011]

OBSERVATIONS

Complication Evidence PMID
Nephropathy1. 2184A/G polymorphism in the RAGE gene was significantly associated with diabetic nephropathy in Chinese Han patients with type 2 diabetes. 2. These results suggest that assessment of the combination of NADPH p22phox C242T and RAGE G1704T polymorphisms may be useful in identifying the risk for developing diabetic nephropathy in type 2 diabetic patients.26770981 , 14747204
Cardiovascular1. It is thus considered that RAGE could be a potential targeting receptor for the prevention and treatment of the development of obesity, beta-cell failure, vascular complications, and inflammation in type 2 diabetes.23970880
Retinopathy1. Inhibition of AGE formation or blockade of the downstream RAGE signaling is a promising therapeutic strategy for treatment of patients with diabetic retinopathy 2. This is the first study that shows an association between the 2245A allele of the RAGE gene and development of diabetic retinopathy in the Malaysian population.16047941 , 22116960
Atherosclerosis1.Taken together, these findings establish a new murine model for the study of atherosclerosis in type 2 diabetes and highlight important roles for RAGE in proatherogenic mechanisms in hyperglycemia triggered by insulin resistance.16076470
Neuropathy1. The findings of this study demonstrate up-regulation of RAGE in skin biopsy samples from patients with diabetic neuropathy, supporting a pathogenic role of RAGE in the development of diabetic neuropathy.25324883