CCR2
LOCUS ID729230
GENE_SYMBOLCCR2
GENE NAMEchemokine (C-C motif) receptor 2
SYNONYMNSCKR2, CCR-2, CCR2A, CCR2B, CD192, CKR2A, CKR2B, CMKBR2, MCP-1-R, CC-CKR-2
CHROMOSOME3
HOMOLOGENE ID537
microRNAsNANA
GENE SUMMARY
This gene encodes two isoforms of a receptor for monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, a chemokine which specifically mediates monocyte chemotaxis. Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 is involved in monocyte infiltration in inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis as well as in the inflammatory response against tumors. The receptors encoded by this gene mediate agonist-dependent calcium mobilization and inhibition of adenylyl cyclase. This gene is located in the chemokine receptor gene cluster region. Two alternatively spliced transcript variants are expressed by the gene. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2009]

OBSERVATIONS

Complication Evidence PMID
Nephropathy1. The novel CCR2 antagonist CCX140-B, which is currently in two separate phase 2 clinical trials in diabetic nephropathy, has recently been shown to reduce hemoglobin A1c and fasting blood glucose levels in type 2 diabetics.23986513
Atherosclerosis1. These data show that AGE-LDL can increase CCR2 expression in macrophages and stimulate the chemotactic response elicited by MCP-1. This novel mechanism may contribute to accelerated atherogenesis in diabetic patients.18164016