PDHX
LOCUS ID8050
GENE_SYMBOLPDHX
GENE NAMEpyruvate dehydrogenase complex, component X
SYNONYMNSE3BP, OPDX, PDX1, proX, DLDBP
CHROMOSOME11
HOMOLOGENE ID55757
microRNAsNANA
GENE SUMMARY
The pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) complex is located in the mitochondrial matrix and catalyzes the conversion of pyruvate to acetyl coenzyme A. The PDH complex thereby links glycolysis to Krebs cycle. The PDH complex contains three catalytic subunits, E1, E2, and E3, two regulatory subunits, E1 kinase and E1 phosphatase, and a non-catalytic subunit, E3 binding protein (E3BP). This gene encodes the E3 binding protein subunit; also known as component X of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex. This protein tethers E3 dimers to the E2 core of the PDH complex. Defects in this gene are a cause of pyruvate dehydrogenase deficiency which results in neurological dysfunction and lactic acidosis in infancy and early childhood. This protein is also a minor antigen for antimitochondrial antibodies. These autoantibodies are present in nearly 95% of patients with the autoimmune liver disease primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). In PBC, activated T lymphocytes attack and destroy epithelial cells in the bile duct where this protein is abnormally distributed and overexpressed. PBC eventually leads to cirrhosis and liver failure. Altertive splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms.[provided by RefSeq, Oct 2009]

OBSERVATIONS

Complication Evidence PMID
Retinopathy1. Measurement of serum PZ levels in diabetic pregnancy might help to predict the risk of progressive retinopathy.1962518