PTGDS
LOCUS ID5730
GENE_SYMBOLPTGDS
GENE NAMEprostaglandin D2 synthase 21kDa (brain)
SYNONYMNSPDS, PGD2, PGDS, LPGDS, PGDS2, L-PGDS
CHROMOSOME9
HOMOLOGENE ID737
microRNAsNANA
GENE SUMMARY
The protein encoded by this gene is a glutathione-independent prostaglandin D synthase that catalyzes the conversion of prostaglandin H2 (PGH2) to postaglandin D2 (PGD2). PGD2 functions as a neuromodulator as well as a trophic factor in the central nervous system. PGD2 is also involved in smooth muscle contraction/relaxation and is a potent inhibitor of platelet aggregation. This gene is preferentially expressed in brain. Studies with transgenic mice overexpressing this gene suggest that this gene may be also involved in the regulation of non-rapid eye movement sleep. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

OBSERVATIONS

Complication Evidence PMID
Nephropathy1. lipocalin-type prostaglandin D(2) synthase (L-PGDS) knockout mice become glucose intolerant and display signs of diabetic nephropathy and accelerated atherosclerosis.18619553
Atherosclerosis1. we demonstrated that lipocalin-type prostaglandin D(2) synthase (L-PGDS) knockout mice become glucose intolerant and display signs of diabetic nephropathy and accelerated atherosclerosis.18619553