STAT1
LOCUS ID6772
GENE_SYMBOLSTAT1
GENE NAMEsigl transducer and activator of transcription 1, 91kDa
SYNONYMNSCANDF7, IMD31A, IMD31B, IMD31C, ISGF-3, STAT91
CHROMOSOME2
HOMOLOGENE ID21428
microRNAsNANA
GENE SUMMARY
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the STAT protein family. In response to cytokines and growth factors, STAT family members are phosphorylated by the receptor associated kinases, and then form homo- or heterodimers that translocate to the cell nucleus where they act as transcription activators. This protein can be activated by various ligands including interferon-alpha, interferon-gamma, EGF, PDGF and IL6. This protein mediates the expression of a variety of genes, which is thought to be important for cell viability in response to different cell stimuli and pathogens. Two altertively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

OBSERVATIONS

Complication Evidence PMID
Nephropathy1. SOCS gene delivery also decreased the activation of STAT1 and STAT3 and the expression of proinflammatory and profibrotic proteins in the diabetic kidney. these provide direct evidence for a link between the JAK/STAT/SOCS axis and hyperglycemia-induced cell responses in the kidney. Suppression of the JAK/STAT pathway by increasing intracellular SOCS proteins may have therapeutic potential in diabetic nephropathy.20185635
Cardiovascular29739101