XBP1
LOCUS ID7494
GENE_SYMBOLXBP1
GENE NAMEX-box binding protein 1
SYNONYMNSXBP2, TREB5, XBP-1, TREB-5
CHROMOSOME22
HOMOLOGENE ID3722
microRNAsNANA
GENE SUMMARY
This gene encodes a transcription factor that regulates MHC class II genes by binding to a promoter element referred to as an X box. This gene product is a bZIP protein, which was also identified as a cellular transcription factor that binds to an enhancer in the promoter of the T cell leukemia virus type 1 promoter. It may increase expression of viral proteins by acting as the D binding partner of a viral transactivator. It has been found that upon accumulation of unfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), the mRNA of this gene is processed to an active form by an unconventiol splicing mechanism that is mediated by the endonuclease inositol-requiring enzyme 1 (IRE1). The resulting loss of 26 nt from the spliced mRNA causes a frame-shift and an isoform XBP1(S), which is the functiolly active transcription factor. The isoform encoded by the unspliced mR, XBP1(U), is constitutively expressed, and thought to function as a negative feedback regulator of XBP1(S), which shuts off transcription of target genes during the recovery phase of ER stress. A pseudogene of XBP1 has been identified and localized to chromosome 5. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

OBSERVATIONS

Complication Evidence PMID
Nephropathy1. Expression of the transcription factor XBP1 and the ER chaperones HSPA5 and HYOU1 were increased, but the proapoptotic gene DDIT3 was unchanged. These findings were replicated in an independent cohort of patients with established DN by real-time reverse transcriptase-PCR.18776125