CRH
LOCUS ID1392
GENE_SYMBOLCRH
GENE NAMEcorticotropin releasing hormone
SYNONYMNSCRF, CRH1
CHROMOSOME8
HOMOLOGENE ID599
microRNAsNANA
GENE SUMMARY
This gene encodes a member of the corticotropin-releasing factor family. The encoded preproprotein is proteolytically processed to generate the mature neuropeptide hormone. In response to stress, this hormone is secreted by the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the hypothalamus, binds to corticotropin releasing hormone receptors and stimulates the release of adrenocorticotropic hormone from the pituitary gland. Marked reduction in this protein has been observed in association with Alzheimer's disease. Autosomal recessive hypothalamic corticotropin deficiency has multiple and potentially fatal metabolic consequences including hypoglycemia and hepatitis. In addition to production in the hypothalamus, this protein is also synthesized in peripheral tissues, such as T lymphocytes, and is highly expressed in the placenta. In the placenta it is a marker that determines the length of gestation and the timing of parturition and delivery. A rapid increase in circulating levels of the hormone occurs at the onset of parturition, suggesting that, in addition to its metabolic functions, this protein may act as a trigger for parturition. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2015]

OBSERVATIONS

Complication Evidence PMID
Neuropathy1. When peak ACTH responses to CRH and basal cortisol levels were combined, a significant negative correlation was found (r = .545, P < .02). These data show that even uncomplicated diabetes mellitus is associated with adrel hyperfunction. Such an alteration is more pronounced in the presence of neuropathy7723679