FABP2
LOCUS ID2169
GENE_SYMBOLFABP2
GENE NAMEfatty acid binding protein 2
SYNONYMNSFABPI, I-FABP
CHROMOSOME4
HOMOLOGENE ID107
microRNAsNANA
GENE SUMMARY
The intracellular fatty acid-binding proteins (FABPs) belong to a multigene family with nearly twenty identified members. FABPs are divided into at least three distinct types, mely the hepatic-, intestil- and cardiac-type. They form 14-15 kDa proteins and are thought to participate in the uptake, intracellular metabolism and/or transport of long-chain fatty acids. They may also be responsible in the modulation of cell growth and proliferation. Intestil fatty acid-binding protein 2 gene contains four exons and is an abundant cytosolic protein in small intestine epithelial cells. This gene has a polymorphism at codon 54 that identified an alanine-encoding allele and a threonine-encoding allele. Thr-54 protein is associated with increased fat oxidation and insulin resistance. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

OBSERVATIONS

Complication Evidence PMID
Nephropathy1. FABP2 confers susceptibility to renal disease in type 2 diabetic patients.16249461