LCN2
LOCUS ID3934
GENE_SYMBOLLCN2
GENE NAMElipocalin 2
SYNONYMNSp25, 24p3, MSFI,NGAL
CHROMOSOME9
HOMOLOGENE ID4064
microRNAsNANA
GENE SUMMARY
This gene encodes a protein that belongs to the lipocalin family. Members of this family transport small hydrophobic molecules such as lipids, steroid hormones and retinoids. The protein encoded by this gene is a neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin and plays a role in innate immunity by limiting bacterial growth as a result of sequestering iron-containing siderophores. The presence of this protein in blood and urine is an early biomarker of acute kidney injury. This protein is thought to be be involved in multiple cellular processes, including maintenance of skin homeostasis, and suppression of invasiveness and metastasis. Mice lacking this gene are more susceptible to bacterial infection than wild type mice. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2015]

OBSERVATIONS

Complication Evidence PMID
Nephropathy1.This study identified that higher PIP, THBS2 and/or NGAL levels were significantly associated with nephropathy of T2DM, and higher L1CAM but normal PIP, THBS2 or NGAL was significantly associated with retinopathy of T2DM.27446820